Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are contagious afflictions that individuals contract through close physical or sexual contact. People of any age, sex, race or nationality who engage in active sexual relationships can be affected. Effective measures must be taken soon after diagnosis as treating an STI early can prevent further health complications.
The number of young people infected with STDs and STIs have increased. Especially because STDs and STIs can lead to severe consequences, it is important to learn about the causes, symptoms, effects and treatment methods of various sexually transmitted diseases.
You must understand that STD is much more than just a social stigma. It not only impacts patient’s health, but also relationships and mental wellbeing. Even though some STDs do not cause major problems, some of them can lead to infertility or death if left undiagnosed or untreated.
In most cases, sexual relationships aid transfer of these diseases. However, misinformation is a bigger culprit. People wrongly assume that STDs and STIs can only be contracted through sexual contact. It is to be noted that some of these conditions can be passed on by simple skin-to-skin contact with the patient’s infected area.
Some wrongly assume they cannot contract STD through anal or oral sex. The viruses can invade individual’s body via wounds, small cuts and even through mucous membranes in anus or mouth.
Diagnosis is often delayed because symptoms for most STDs are difficult to identify. An infected person might not notice the subtle symptoms and remain unaware of this health condition. They unknowingly pass the disease to others as they consider themselves STD-free.
It is true that there are some advised prevention techniques, such as using a condom, but none offer 100% guarantee. Condoms, for example, are cannot prevent STDs like genital warts and herpes that pass via skin contact.
Especially because the symptoms are not clear most often, it is important that you seek medical attention even when you notice probable symptoms. You can either go to a STD testing center or a reliable healthcare practitioner. It is also wise to see the doctor if you were exposed to someone who has a sexually transmitted disease.
Upon diagnosis, there is no reason to worry. If your test reveals positive result for a STD, it does not mean it will result in death. Most STDs are curable. The STD testing center or your doctor will prescribe medication required to help cure the disease There are many treatment options for most STDs. Note that along with treatment, most patients are required to follow long-term care and maintenance routine.
Great importance is given to informing the partner. This is important because he/she will be able to help and offer mental support. You will need someone who understands and supports you. It recommended that sexual partners of the patients should get STD tested too. STD infections are not always dangerous but they may pose threat and compromise individual’s health.
There are many different types of STDs, but they are usually asymptomatic. This is why it is difficult to identify whether someone is infected or not. Even if a person shows no common signs and symptoms, he can infect others. Therefore, it is critical to get STD testing done frequently. Some people express concerns about privacy. They can choose clinics that offer confidential STD testing. The doctor will also suggest the best course of action for you.
The exposure of different kinds of STDs makes it difficult to stay safe. It is wise to to educate yourself about the types of diseases and relevant information.